|Author||Jones C, An SJ, Yoon YK, Kothari S, Sahastrabuddhe S, Carbis R|
|Title||Spectroscopic characterisation of a series of Salmonella Typhi Vi-diphtheria toxoid glycoconjugate antigens differing in polysaccharide-protein ratio.|
|Journal Name||J Pharm Biomed Anal|
|Month / Year||05/2020|
|Vol (No)||181 ()|
Glycoconjugate vaccines consisting of the Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhi (S. Typhi) Vi capsular polysaccharide (PS) covalently attached to a suitable carrier protein have become available to support mass paediatric vaccination campaigns against typhoid. One developmental vaccine from the International Vaccine Institute (IVI) uses diphtheria toxoid (DTx) as the carrier protein. Several investigational conjugates with different PS:protein ratios were prepared, as previously reported by the IVI group, for physicochemical and immunochemical characterisation. We describe here the further spectroscopic characterisation of this series of glycoconjugate immunogen bulks using NMR spectroscopy, circular dichroism and absorption spectroscopy. We have used several mathematical approaches to extract information from the spectroscopic data not previously applied to glycoconjugates. These complementary approaches provide information on (i) the integrity of the carrier protein, (ii) consistency between batches of vaccine components, (iii) the polysaccharide: protein ratio (iv) the O-acetylation of the Vi in the conjugate (v) the stability of the O-acetylation of the Vi, and (vi) the presence of residual process reagents in the bulk. The utility of the data analysis approaches is discussed. Together, these analytical methods provide important characterisation of Vi-DTx conjugates to support development and quality control of commercial products.