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AuthorSirivichayakul C, Limkittikul K, Chanthavanich P, Yoksan S, Ratchatatat A, Lim JK, Arunsodsai W, Sabchareon A
TitleMonoclonal antibody-based capture ELISA in the diagnosis of previous dengue infection.
Journal NameVirol J
Month / Year 01/2020
Vol (No)16 (1)
Page125 ~
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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Dengue is an important mosquito-borne disease. There is currently only one licensed vaccine for dengue prevention. The vaccine provides higher efficacy in pre-vaccination dengue-seropositive persons but a higher risk of subsequent more severe dengue in dengue-seronegative persons. It is recommended that the dengue vaccine may be given in dengue-seropositive individuals or as mass vaccination without individual pre-vaccination screening in areas where the dengue seroprevalence is > 80% in children aged 9 years. We evaluated a dengue specific immunoglobulin G monoclonal antibody-based capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (MAb-ELISA) in the diagnosis of previous dengue infection using serum samples from the cohort study in Ratchaburi Province, Thailand. METHODS: The MAb-ELISA was compared to 70% plaque reduction neutralization test (PRNT70) in 453 serum samples from children aged 3-11 years in Ratchaburi Province, Thailand. RESULTS: The sensitivity and specificity of MAb-ELISA at the positive to negative (P/N) ratio cut-off level of > 3 were both 0.91 in the diagnosis of previous dengue infection, compared to PRNT70. The false positivity was mainly in Japanese encephalitis (JE) seropositive subjects. CONCLUSIONS: This research provides evidence that MAb-ELISA is useful for dengue seroprevalence study and dengue pre-vaccination screening. JE seropositivity was the major cause of false positive result in the study population.

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